CERN is part of Internet history, being the organization that launched the first Web server and the European Internet.
CERN – the European internet
On December 12, 1991 at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) was installed the first Web server and Web pages which linked to the Central Library. But the first Web server was made almost a year before at the European Centre for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland, and was named nxoc01.cern.ch and then info.cern.ch. Even the first web page presented the project. The Internet became a cultural phenomenon widely spread when a young British computer scientist Tim Berners Lee at CERN in Geneva established the first prototype development of the World Wide Web. Until 1990, CERN server remained the most comprehensive in Europe, decisively influencing the acceptance and introduction of WWW in Internet technology. From 1992 CERN made publicly available the World Wide Web interface for accessing documents. In July 1994 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and CERN announced the creation of World Wide Web Organization, later known as the World Wide Web Consortium or W3C, whose director was Tim Berners Lee. Today W3C coordinates technical development and evolution of Web standards. Until 1993 the center of gravity for Web technologies was at CERN in Switzerland. But from the beginning of that year, a young graduate of the University of Illinois, Marc Andreessen helped in changing it in favor of the United States. Another success of CERN and Tim Berners Lee is the notion of hypertext the way is known today. He was preoccupied about the introduction of the Internet’s hypertext, in the process of search and retrieval of documents. The notion existed since 1965 when Ted Nelson introduces it.
CERN along with other key – instruments helped in developing over time the Internet, each having an important role.